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Retail Impact Investment Guidebook for Credit Unions. Prepared for Canadian Credit Union Association (April 2016).

Available at:

This guidebook  provides a roadmap for credit unions seeking to create and to deploy their own impact investing products targeted at current or prospective members who wish to receive a financial return, while at the same time generating positive impact for local or global communities.



Social Finance Models for the Settlement and Integration Sector in Canada, Market Assessment Report. Prepared for Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. (January 2016)

Available at:



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The West Coast Infrastructure Exchange: A Case Study.

Available at: Carleton Centre for Community Innovation





Endowment Evolution: Benchmarking Responsible Investment at Canadian University Endowment Funds. Coalition of Universities for Responsible Investment.

Available at:



Papers, Articles & Book Chapters

Hachigian, H. Investing in Global Refugee and Migrant Integration. Stanford Social Innovation Review Online. Sept. 21 2016.

Hachigian, H. (forthcoming).Understanding the governance structures that underpin responsible investment decision-making. In the Encyclopedia on Business and Professional Ethics.

Hachigian, H. (2015). Ambiguity, Discretion and Ethics in Norway’s Sovereign Wealth Fund, Business and Politics.

Hachigian, H. (2015) Responsible Investment in the Netherlands, in Jim Hawley, Tessa Hebb, Andreas Hoepner, Agnes Neher (eds). Handbook of Responsible Investment. Routledge.

Clark, G.L., Hachigian, H., McGill, S., Molinari, C., and Wojcik, D. (2015). Addressing the Challenges of Transformation though Sustainable Investment, in Jim Hawley, Tessa Hebb, Andreas Hoepner, Agnes Neher (eds). Handbook of Responsible Investment. Routledge.

Hachigian, H. (2015). The Consequences and Management of Ambiguity for Long-term Investors. PhD dissertation. University of Oxford.

Hebb, T.. Louche, C., and Hachigian, H. (2014) Introduction, in Celine Louche, C. and Tessa Hebb (eds.) Socially Responsible Investment in the 21st Century: Does it Make a Difference for Society, United Kingdom: Emerald Books.

Hachigian, H. and McGill, S. (2013). Reframing the Governance Challenge for Sustainable Investing. Journal of Sustainable Finance and Investment, 2(3-4), 166-177.

Hebb, T., Hachigian, H., and Allen, R. (2012). Measuring the Impact of Engagement, in Hebb, T. (ed.), The Next Generation of Responsible Investment, Netherlands: Springer Publishing.

Hebb, T., Hamilton A., and Hachigian H. (2011). Responsible Property Investment in Canada, Factoring both Environmental and Social Impacts in the Canadian Real Estate Market. Journal of Business Ethics. 92(1), 99-115.